No.2, Service Road, Domlur Layout
Executive Director :
Mr.Aloysius P Fernandez.
Phone : 25352028, 25353166,
Focus: To re-create a self- sustaining
habitat that balances the legitimate needs of people with the availability of
natural resources; promote strategies that help realize the full potential of
women and children and influence public policies in favour of the poor.
MYRADA is a Non Governmental Organisation managing rural development
programmes in 3 States of South India and providing on-going support including
deputations of staff to programmes in 6 other States. It also promotes the Self
Help Affinity strategy in
Myrada Gulbarga PIDOW project,
Gulbarga Project started with and continues to work on participatory and
integrated development of watersheds; hence, it carries the acronym PIDOW. Its
main donor remains the Swiss Development Co-operation. However, the current year
has seen some important changes. SDC’s support for watershed activities
concluded. A new proposal was approved from SDC – based on the Project’s
extensive experience in watershed development programmes – to consolidate the
Project’s training centre and activities in the direction of making it into a
CIDOR (Centre for Institutional Development and Organisational Reforms). Thus,
the role of the Training Centre as a self-managed facility engaged in the
capacity building of other institutions to enhance their knowledge and skills to
promote participatory and integrated development of watersheds is strengthened.
This new project has been approved for two years, starting from April 2002 and
ending in March 2004.
With a staff strength of 14, the Project’s continued field level activities in
watershed development are currently supported by The Zilla Panchayath of
and by NABARD. The Project’s operational areas extend in the talukas of
, Aland, Sedam, and Chincholi. With the Zilla Panchayath it is implementing
watershed works under the DPAP (Drought Prone Areas Programme). The earlier
accepted target of 3,000 ha. Comprising 6 micro-watersheds is nearing
completion. In the current year, a fresh programme has been approved for 2,000
Under NABARD, the coverage is of 1,000 ha. Thus, totally the Project is newly
working on 3,000 ha. While withdrawing from the earlier 3,000 ha.
Local Level Institutions
The Project is working with 338 self help affinity groups, 20 micro-watershed
associations and 7 federations of self help affinity groups. It is collaborating
with the Karnataka State Women’s Development Corporation on the Rural
Women’s Empower- ment and Development Programme, also known as Swashakthi.
Groups formed under Swashakthi number 100, and there is a strong training
component provided for under the programme.
DINFED, the District NGO Federation, has been an initiative of the Project. It
currently includes 22 NGOs and meets on a monthly basis to strategies and act
collectively on relevant issues.
With SOSVA (Society for Support to Voluntary Agencies) the Project continued to
work on the Reproductive and Child Health Programme but this has now concluded.
It is also partnered with them on a medicinal plants’ promotion programme
under a project called Promotion of Indian Systems of Medicine. Under Swashakthi,
the training of women includes a well-defined programme for the training of
village level workers leading on to the further sharing of health-related
knowledge by the health workers to the members of self help affinity groups.
The training centre is continuing to respond to requests from other
institutions, besides conducting training programmes for project-facilitated
local level institutions. Bankers from
used to dominate the list of participants until recently, since they were
engaged in the Maharashtra Rural Credit Programme and could benefit from
MYRADA’s experiences. However, the bulk of this training has now been
completed. The centre is now working to complete the Swashakthi training
Apart from conducting training programmes, the training centre facilities are
also made available to other institutions on request.
Myrada Holalkere integrated rural development project, Chitradurga district
Myrada’s work in Chitradurga District was originally in Holalkere Taluk.
Later, a separate programme was initiated in Challakere Taluk. Since then to the
current district approach, the programme has matured steadily and
systematically. The district approach has not meant expansion but ‘expansion
with quality and in partnership with other development intervenors’. The
Project’s direct interventions are thus only in 338 villages. (This excludes
the Molkalamoru Project area that is separately reported in this document as
‘Myrada CIDOW Project’). In the rest of the district, the Project relies on
its network partners to support the qualitative development of institutions and
resources to reduce poverty and combat powerlessness among the poor. IBRNM
and Natural Resources Management. These are the two major foci of the district
approach. There is a third focal area and that is Creating Off-farm Livelihoods.
This area is recognised as important in the context of increasing pressures on
lands and decreasing returns from agriculture. However, the strategies to
operationalise the idea have still not clearly emerged.
Deutsche Welthungerhilfe (GAA)
continues to be a committed partner to the Project.
The Project is the District Lead
NGO for the SUJALA (World Bank-Government of Karnataka) Watershed Programme .
SOSVA supports a small project on
Indian Systems of Medicine and Homeopathy, ISM&H.
The Population Foundation of
India is a partner on a small project of Reproductive and Child Health.
Besides the above, funds are
locally mobilised from different government departments and banks under ongoing
SPIN (Self-help Promoting
This network currently has as its members representatives from 22 NGOs as
well as representatives from the Zilla Panchayath, Lead Bank, DCC Bank, RRB,
and from the departments of Watershed Development, Agriculture, and Women &
Child Development. Other departments attend meetings on requirement/invitation.
SPIN has continued to progress well. It is acquiring greater visibility and
stature and is being frequently contacted and consulted over a variety of
developmental issues pertinent to the district. It meets regularly, on the 15th
of each month. While the initiative to promote SPIN was definitely Myrada’s,
increasingly more responsibilities are being taken by other partners to
administer its growth and development. The HID Forum, a training support agency,
is independently involved in the capacity building of SPIN members. Through the
efforts of SPIN, almost all the network partners are engaged in promoting good
quality self-help groups and several have also moved into watershed development
Under the programme supported by GAA, 323 ha. were treated during the year.
Under the SUJALA Programme, as Lead NGO the Project does not implement treatment
works directly but builds capacities of and guides, monitors and supervises the
efforts of the Field NGOs. In the current year, treatment works were initiated
on 12,421 ha.
To promote scientific storage of harvested grains (to reduce storage losses),
the Project is collaborating with the Save Grain Campaign of India to construct
storage bins at household level. 75 structures were constructed in the current
Local Level Institutions
The Project is working with 771 self help affinity groups (of which 111 were
formed in the current year), 31 watershed institutions (3 formed during the
year), 29 SAG federations (7 formed during the year) and 7 Resource Centres (all
formed during the year). The 7 Resource Centres currently have a combined
membership of 345 SAGs and 16 watershed associations.
In addition, the other SPIN members have together promoted more than 5,000
groups, of which over 3,000 have been formed by NGOs and over 2,000 have been
formed under government programmes of Sthree Shakthi and Swashakthi. Thus, in
Chitradurga District, the ‘partnership-towards-quantity-with-quality’ has
resulted in the formation of close to 6,000 self help groups, of which 99% are
The Project’s health activities have been limited, and mainly in the areas
of holding camps and conducting RCH awareness. Under the Nirmala Karnataka
Scheme, 129 toilets were constructed during the year.
The Project was engaged as usual in the training of community institutions,
bookwriters, etc. In addition, 175 persons underwent training in
Entrepreneurship Awareness and Development; 125 actually started small
The Jagruthi Training Centre at Holalkere has started functioning
independently as a CIDOR (Centre for Institutional Development and
Organisational Reform). In the current year, 121 training events were conducted
for a total of 2,870 participants over 347 training days.
Myrada / Plan H.D.Kote project,
The District of Mysore faced severe drought situation during the kharif
season of 2002, with a total rainfall of 583.1 mm. as against the normal annual
rainfall of 904 mm. Landless labourers and marginal farmers started migrating in
search of work to the neighbouring districts of Erode, Kodagu and Mandya. Even
in these districts, employment opportunities were scarce during the year since
the drought conditions were widespread in the entire state of Karnataka. H.D.
Kote and Nanjangud taluks in
district were listed among the severely affected taluks, and these two areas
being the focal areas of Myrada-PLAN H.D. Kote Project, the conditions had a
direct bearing on the work of the Project. The Project responded by creating
temporary employment opportunities for the local communities by taking up labour
generation programmes such as desilting of tanks, trench digging for tree
planting, making boulder blocks for use in construction activities, etc. These
efforts preceded the efforts of the Government of Karnataka in providing food
for work to the farmers during the drought period. (The tanks desilted have been
filled with water during the summer showers received recently.)
As a consequence of the drought, the current year saw sustained and prolonged
(almost 3 months) disturbances in the project area due to frequent bundhs and
strikes called by the farmers agitating against the release of water from Kabini
and Cauvery rivers to the State of
. This also effected kharif agricultural operations.
attack on cotton was another problem faced by the farmers during the year. It
was estimated that in H.D.Kote taluk alone, the farmers lost 3 crores of rupees
from cotton, which is a major crop in the area. The farmers also agitated
demanding electricity for irrigated agriculture and for waiver of interest on
crop loans availed by them from banks and co-operative societies.
But cheer was also present
The self help affinity groups played a significant part in mitigating the
drought-related stress on the poor by giving hundreds of members loans for food
purchase and making alternate income-earning investments. Neither was there any
demand for waiver of loans taken by SHGs from banks and Sanghamithra Rural
Financial Services. On-time repayment exceeded 99%, for which the Project can
rightly take credit for its capacity building efforts and the creation of
buffers (i.e. enabling the groups to build up their common funds over the last
decade to levels that protect them well in times of risk).
The Project is working with 1,717 self help affinity groups, 57 watershed
associations, 59 federations of self help groups, 206 school committees, 238
children’s clubs, 84 village water and sanitation management committees, and
13 community resource centres. The last-mentioned is a new Myrada initiative
that has picked up well and is rapidly getting stronger. Not just groups
promoted by the Project but also those promoted by others – including the
Government, under programmes like Sthree Shakthi – are enrolling as members of
the community resource centres.
More than 600 new linkages were established between financial institutions
and SHGs in the current year.
1,560 ha. have been covered with treatment measures. NABARD is financing the
programme in two locations, one of which has taken off well and the other is
slowly gaining momentum. The Government has also approached the Project to take
up watershed development in five watersheds in H.D. Kote Taluk under the
National Watershed Development Project (NWDPRA). Planning activities are in
Drinking Water, Health and Housing
The Project is involved in community participation activities under the Rajiv
Gandhi Drinking Water Mission Project in 30 villages of H.D.Kote and Nanjangud
taluks. A large drinking water system servicing a population of 15,000 at
was completed during the year.
The trained Health Volunteers on the Project are regularly conducting
training and awareness programmes for SHGs on general health, safe drinking
water, immunisation, personal hygiene, public sanitation, prevention of HIV-AIDS
and STDs, etc. 275 trainings were conducted in the current year, apart from
public campaigns, particularly on HIV-AIDS. Training programmes for adolescents
is another focal programme, particularly to make them aware of reproductive
health and the consequence of early marriages. Improving School sanitation was
given emphasis during the year, with assistance from the Zilla Panchayat Mysore.
In 33 schools, construction of toilets, provision of water facilities, and
construction of compound walls were completed. Wall paintings were also made to
create awareness among children on the need for maintaining hygiene in the
Housing for poor families, which was a major program of H.D.Kote Project in
the past, was continued during the year. 79 families were supported for house
construction and 191 families were supported for home electrification. However,
the Project contributed only 20% of the costs of constructing the house. The
balance was mobilised from the beneficiaries themselves and from the Government
under the Ashraya Scheme.
Education and Vocations
The Project continued to supplement government efforts to improve school
infrastructure. 44 classrooms were constructed during the year. In addition, the
Project supported children’s ‘Right to Recreation’ by organising
excursions, picnics, a visit to the
, etc. Creativity camps and summer camps organised during the year were attended
by a total of 3,570 children.
433 youth (boys and girls) were supported to learn vocational skills.
Training in skills such as tailoring, knitting, bag making, etc. were provided
by Spoorthi Centre and Jyothi Vikas Kendra which are local NGOs working in the
area. Skills such as driving, fashion designing and nursing were imparted though
appropriate specialist institutions.
The Training Centre at H.D.Kote is functioning independently as a CIDOR
(Centre for Institutional Development and Organisational Reform), though legally
still a part of Myrada. In the current year, 3,956 training programmes were
conducted for various loca level institutions and attended by 71,208
participants. Many of the sessions were handled directly by community trainers
who had previously been trained by the Project. Persons from other institutions
visiting the CIDOR for training and to learn from the experiences of Myrada
included I.A.S. probationers from Mussoorie, Zilla Panchayath officers from
Orissa, government officers from Vietnam, NGO and government staff from
Indonesia, staff from several in-country NGOs, and students from Japan.
Myrada/PLAN Madakasira project,
Starting in 1983-84 with a small programme to resettle landless families in
agriculture on land made available by the Government of Andhra Pradesh in
Madakasira Taluk of Anantapur District, the Project gradually expanded by the
late 1980s and early 1990s to cover 5 mandals (Agali, Rolla, Gudibanda,
Madakasira and Amarapuram), all in the same taluk. In the current year, it
continued to work in these areas but in the direction of gradually completing
all the planned programmes and eventually phasing out. The staff strength of the
Project is currently 33.
The core programme of the Project is linked to the concept of child
sponsorship and emphasises the education and health of children as well as
making improvements to the environment (home, school, community) in which
children grow. Currently, sponsorship programme covers approximately 4,000
Other programmes include working with women to promote awareness and
development, organising the poor into self help affinity groups, and supporting
the poor to take up income generation activities that include both agricultural
and non-agricultural investments (if the families earn stable incomes the
children’s growth and development is secured better).
PLAN International has been and continues to remain the partner agency for
this Project. Local resources are mobilised for various programmes. The Project
has been regularly raising funds from the Panchayath Raj Department for the
establishment of rural water supply systems. In the current year, water supply
systems were established in 18 villages.
Local Level Institutions
The Project is working with 489 self help groups, 22 federations of self help
groups, 43 children’s clubs and 1 watershed institution. The children’s
groups include both sponsored and non-sponsored children in the age group of 8
to 14, and engage in a variety of recreational activities. 7 children’s
theatre groups have been formed and enjoy performing in the villages on themes
of education, health, public sanitation, environment, child marriage, etc.
The federations enable members to access various schemes such as old age and
widow pensions, benefits for disabled persons, toilet construction, cooking gas
connection, etc. The SHG-Bank linkage programme is relatively more recently
being pursued on the project and a little over 80 groups have been linked so
Apart from promoting the attendance of children at regular schools, the
Project has identified the problem of girls being denied education and having to
work as labourers, because of their parents’ poverty, ignorance and lack of
support. Hence, the Project is running 7 girls’ learning centres for girls
between the ages of 9 and 19 where they can learn to read and write besides
being encouraged to develop life skills (confidence, personality development)
and vocational skills (tailoring, embroidery, doll making, basket weaving,
The Project first started working in Agali, Rolla and Gudibanda mandals and
is now working on phasing out from these areas over the next few years. In
Amarapuram and Madakasira mandals, where it entered later, the plan is to phase
out by 2009.
Myrada Huthur Hill area development
project, Chamarajanagar district
The project presently covers around 103 villages in Kollegal Taluk of the
newly formed Chamarajanagar District. With a staff strength of 23 and
operational headquarters in Hannur, major activities are focussed in the
villages of Ramapura and Hannur areas. More recently, a cluster of villages in
MM Hills has been included and the project has withdrawn from a cluster of
around 33 villages in Odeyarpalya, where it was earlier working and which is now
being supported by a Resource Centre. The Project is an active promoter/member
of a District NGO Federation. It also runs a fully equipped Training Centre in
Major Funding Partners
The Huthur Hill Area Development Programme funded by Novib is in its second
five year phase which ends in June 2003.
Misereor funded the Huthur Participatory Development of Micro-Watersheds
Programme Phase IV, which ended on 31.03.2003.
The Uddanur Watershed Programme is being funded by NABARD, covering a
micro-watershed of around 500 hectares.
The Reproductive and Child Health (RCH) Training Programme and establishment
of RCH Resource Centres is supported by the Population Foundation of India.
Besides the above, funds are locally mobilised from the District Zilla
Panchayat, VHAK and other resource agencies for various small programmes.]
Major Focus Areas
Promoting and strengthening local level institutions, including self-help
affinity groups, watershed management associations, and federations for
women’s development, watershed management and micro- credit.
Capacity building of community institutions and other development practioners
through training and exposure programmes and developing community resource
Interventions in health : school and village sanitation, reproductive and
District Approach strategy through networking of development institutions and
Interventions in biomass and alternate energy sources.
The Project is working with 319 self help affinity groups, 32 watershed
associations, 12 self help group federations, 2 watershed federations, 10 school
development and management committees, and 16 village forest committees.
Besides, it is facilitating the development of empowered Grama Sabhas in 5
villages on a pilot basis, and has recently promoted one Community Resource
Centre in the Odeyarpalya area. 227 self help groups have been linked to banks
and 28 have been linked for credit to Sanghamithra Rural Financial Services.
Together, they have availed credit in excess of Rs.1.7 crores, with 100% on time
repayment against demand.
As a measure of relief from two consecutive years of drought, the SAGs
identified around 700 poorest families and each was supported to buy ragi and
fodder upto a value of Rs.1,000 per family.
32 watershed development
institutions are functioning in the project area. In all the watershed areas,
individual land treatment activities are being taken up on loan basis, though
common land treatment is still financed by grants, with some contributions from
the community. As at 31.3.2003, the Associations have recovered over
Rs.2,600,000, which they are revolving among their members for farm related
The NABARD-supported watershed
programme is in the Capacity Building Phase, and work is in progress on 70
hectares. The interesting feature of this programme is the role being played by
the Project in influencing policy at NABARD level.
In all its watershed programmes,
the Project emphasises sustainable agriculture practices, natural regeneration
and resource management, organic farming, integrated pest management, biomass
production and vermi-composting. Water harvesting and management are also
emphasised through applying the 5 water strategy approach, under which, roof
water harvesting, farm ponds, water saving devices like sprinklers, rain guns
and drip systems are installed. Besides this, food security through post harvest
technologies (scientific grain storage) is also being promoted.
Health and Sanitation
The Project is a key training resource in the State for RCH training. As a
credit plus activity, RCH messages are being disseminated to SAG members and
villagers with the involvement of ANMs, ICDS workers, PHC health educators and
the project staff. A key component is the training of RCH Community Resource
Persons, who in turn train all the SAGs in every village, who monitor the RCH
target groups (pregnant women, children below 5 years, adolescent girls and
boys, eligible couples) in their respective localities. During the year all the
SAGs completed training and are monitoring the RCH programme with the help of
the ANM and anganwadi teachers. Wall paintings, poster displays, quiz in
schools, RCH camps, etc. were also conducted. The Project also facilitates the
SAGs to lend for toilet construction and cooking gas purchase. Out of 1,675
household toilets constructed so far, 286 were constructed in the year and 50
LPG connections out of 200 connections were obtained in the year.
Tuitions centres were established to coach students sitting for the public
exams (7th and 10th standard); as a result some schools got 100% results.
Children’s learning centres are run for dropouts to help them to read and
write and also to help at least some children rejoin school. Besides this the
project is motivating the school staff and parents to build up a fund in the
schools to earn enough interest to cover the cost of special classes for
children attending public exams. 8 schools have started building up a fund for
Livelihood opportunities and non-farm
In the current year, 79 families were assisted for weaving, 5 families for
silk reeling, and 7 families for bakery and sweets production and sales.
Besides, more than 500 families have been assisted through SAGs to improve
existing enterprises like petty shops, tailoring, bangle selling, cycle shop,
tea shops, masala, pappad and pickle production and sales, vegetable vending,
house hold utensils business and others. Educated youth were assisted to undergo
various professional skills’ training like driving and computer operating.
The Myrada Davinson Training Centre located at Odeyarapalya is developing
well into a CIDOR. Efforts are on to make the Centre self-sufficient. From the
beginning of the year, a Training Director was made responsible for the Centre,
supported by a Training Officer. The centre provides trainings and experience
sharing exposure in the following areas :
Help Affinity Group Concept and Management
Rural Appraisal (PRA)
and Child Health (RCH)
Impact Monitoring (PIM)
During the year, over 400 trainings
were held for CBOs of the project area. 97 trainings were conducted for 2,357
persons from other agencies over 343 days.
District Approach Strategy and
The Project played a promoting role in forming a district level NGOs forum.
16 NGOs are currently members and the forum meets every month. It provides the
opportunity to NGOs to share experiences and best practices that can be
replicated at district level. The two major issues being addressed by the forum
Effective SAG development
Effective focus on health.