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When you feel an
earthquake, duck under a desk or sturdy table. Stay
away from windows, bookcases, file cabinets, heavy
mirrors, hanging plants, and other heavy objects that
could fall. Watch out for falling plaster and ceiling
tiles. Stay undercover until the shaking stops, and
hold onto your cover. If it moves, move with it. Below
are some additional tips for specific locations:
you're in the KITCHEN,
move away from the refrigerator, stove, and
overhead cupboards. (Take time NOW to anchor
appliances, and install security latches on
cupboard doors to reduce hazards.)
If you're in a STADIUM
OR THEATER, stay in your seat and
protect your head with your arms. Do not try to
leave until the shaking is over, then leave in a
calm, orderly manner. Avoid rushing toward
- If you are in a HIGH-RISE
BUILDING, and not near a desk or
table, move against an interior wall and protect
your head with your arms. Do not use the
elevators. Do not be surprised if the alarm or
sprinkler systems come on. Stay indoors. Glass
windows can dislodge during the quake and sail
for hundreds of feet.
- If you're OUTDOORS,
move to a clear area away from trees, signs,
buildings, electrical wires, and poles.
- If you're on a SIDEWALK
NEAR BUILDINGS, duck into a doorway
to protect yourself from falling bricks, glass,
plaster, and other debris.
- If you're DRIVING,
pull over to the side of the road and stop.
Avoid overpasses, power lines, and other
hazards. Stay inside the vehicle until the
shaking is over.
- If you're in a CROWDED
STORE OR OTHER PUBLIC PLACE, do not
rush for exits. Move away from display shelves
containing objects that could fall.
- If you're in a WHEELCHAIR,
stay in it. Move to cover, if possible, lock
your wheels, and protect your head with your
THE EARTHQUAKE CHECK LIST
- Be prepared for
aftershocks, and plan where you will take cover
when they occur.
- Check for injuries.
Give first aid, as necessary.
- Remain calm and
- Avoid broken glass.
- Check for fire. Take
appropriate actions and precautions.
- Check gas, water,
and electric lines. If damaged, shut off service.
If gas is leaking, don't use matches, flashlights,
appliances, or electric switches. Open windows,
leave building, and report to gas company.
- Replace all
telephone receivers, and use for emergency calls
- Tune to the
emergency broadcast station on radio or
television. Listen for emergency bulletins.
- Stay out of damaged
AND FAMILY READINESS
- Create a Family
- Know the safe spot
in each room, (under sturdy tables, desks, or
against inside walls).
- Know the danger
spots, (windows, mirrors, hanging objects,
fireplaces and tall furniture).
- Conduct practice
drills. Physically place yourself and your
children in safe locations.
- Learn first aid and
CPR (cardiopulmonary resuscitation) from your
local Red Cross or other community organization.
- Decide where your
family will reunite, if separated.
- Keep a list of
emergency phone numbers.
- Choose an
out-of-state friend or relative whom family
members can call after the quake to report your
condition. Carry emergency contact cards with out
of state contact phone numbers.
- Learn how to shut
off gas, water, and electricity in case the lines
- Check chimneys,
roofs, and wall foundations for stability. Note:
If your home was built before 1935, make sure your
house is bolted to its foundation. If your home is
on a raised foundation, make sure the cripple
walls have been made into shear walls. Call a
licensed contractor if you have any questions.
- Secure Heavy
- Secure water heater
and appliances that could move enough to rupture
- Keep breakable and
heavy objects on lower shelves. Put latches on
cabinet doors to keep them closed during shaking.
- Keep flammable or
hazardous liquids such as paints, pest sprays, or
cleaning products in cabinets or secured on lower
- Maintain emergency
food, water, medicine, first aid kit, tools, and
AND OFFICE FIRST AID KITS
First aid kits are
vital following any emergency. They can also come in
very handy on a day to day basis when someone is
injured. To be useful, a first aid kit must be
accessible and ready. Store the kit in a location
that will be accessible following the turmoil of an
Do not forget your
cars! You also need a well-stocked first aid kit for
Supplies need to be
rotated and kept fresh, especially in vehicles where
heat can shorten the life of your first aid
supplies. We recommend checking and updating all of
your first aid supplies twice a year. A good time is
when you change your clocks for daylight savings
time. (This is also the time to check your smoke
- Medications For
All Family Members
- Aspirin and/or
Pain Relief Medication
- Eye Drops
- Insect Spray
- Ear and Nose Drops
- Hydrogen Peroxide
- Skin Disinfectant
- Extra Prescription
- Old Pair Of
Prescription Eyeglasses For Spare
- Medical Latex
- Surgical Mask
- Instant Cold Packs
- Instant Hot Packs
- Ace Bandages
- Butterfly Bandages
- Gauze Pads
- Cotton Swabs
- Adhesive Tape
- 2" &
4" Wide Sterile Bandage Rolls
- Triangular Bandage
For Sling, Etc. (37" x 37" x 52")
- Tongue Depressors
- Splint Material
- Spray Bottle With
10% Bleach Solution For Disinfecting Objects.
During an earthquake,
stay away from heavy furniture, appliances, large
panes of glass, shelves holding heavy objects, and
masonry veneer (such
as the fireplace). These items tend to fall or
break and can injure you. Usually, a hallway is
one of the safest places if it is not crowded with
objects. Kitchens and garages tend to be the most
dangerous. Also, know the safest place in each
room. It will be difficult to move from one place
to another during a severe earthquake.
AND ALTERNATIVE EXITS: Always know all
the possible ways to exit your house and workplace
in emergency situations. Try to discover exits that
would only be available to you in an emergency.
OF SHUT-OFF VALVES: Know the location of
the shutoff valves for water, gas, and electricity.
If you are not sure, contact your utility company
DISABLED, OR PERSONS UNDER MEDICATION:
These people may have difficulty moving around
after an earthquake. Plan to have someone help
them to evacuate if necessary. Also, they may need
special foods or medication. Be sure to store
several days' supply of these special provisions.
WHO DON'T SPEAK ENGLISH: People who
cannot speak English often rely on their family or
friends for information. If they are separated
during an earthquake, they may need help. Prepare
emergency information cards, written in English,
indicating identification, address, and special
After an earthquake, you should be concerned
with your own safety before taking care of your
pets. Storing extra food and water for pets is
always a good idea. Keep them in a secure place at
home after an earthquake. If you are evacuated,
they will not be allowed at the emergency shelter.