Pg. 43, Annual Report
We, as a Group, are committed to sustainable development, to meet the needs of the present without in any way jeopardizing the welfare of future generations. Our business strategies consciously factor environment conservation as a major principle. Your Company is continually looking for new ways to preserve the environment and manage resources responsibly.
All of your Company’s plants and mines adopt clean technologies and processes that combine both economic progress and sustainable environment. Among these are the integrated Aluminium and Copper complexes at Renukoot, Hirakud and Dahej, the Alumina Plants at Belgaum and Muri, the Smelter Power complex at Hirakud, the Sheet Rolling plants at Belur, Taloja, Mouda, the Foil Plants at Kalwa, Kollur and Silvassa, the Extrusions Plant at Alupuram and Alloy Wheels facility at Silvassa, as also the Company’s Bauxite and Coal Mines in Chattisgarh, Jharkhand and Maharashtra.
At most of your Company’s plants, ISO 9001, ISO–14001 and OHSAS–18001 have been combined into the Integrated Management System (IMS).
State-of-the-art automated industrial and domestic effluent plants operate across all of your Company’s manufacturing units. The treated effluent and treated domestic water is used for horticulture and irrigation. A detailed environmental monitoring is conducted by government approved auditors for auditing quality of air, water and solid waste. After exhaustive monitoring and verification of various documents, auditors confirmed the compliance of various statutory norms by the unit. Hindalco does not just operate well
within the regulatory standards and norms, but strives to go far beyond it. Hindalco has proactively complied with “Corporate Responsibility for Environment Protection” requirements of MOEF. Your Company continues to make substantive investments towards environment protection. Till date these are in excess of Rs. 62,648.86 lacs and Rs.12,616.61 lacs are in the pipeline at Renukoot and Renusagar.
As part of its efforts for the development of new environment improvement projects on a sustainable basis, Hindalco has taken a number of initiatives. These include capacity addition in old plants within the existing land, reduction in water requirement by upgrading processes, treating wastewater efficiently and recycling/reusing of treated streams, improvement in energy utilisation and conservation through more efficient combustion of fuels, technology upgradation and applying best practices across production circuits.
At Renukoot, an extensive audit was conducted by DNV Auditors at the Power Plant, Mines and the integrated Aluminium complex for re-certification and certification of all three Management System (ISO-14001, OHSAS-18001 and ISO-9001) resulting in their accreditation for all three systems (IMS).
Your Company utilizes all solid wastes in an environment friendly manner such as dry disposal and stacking of Red Mud, recycling of Spent Pot Lining to produce cryolite, and using ETP sludge as a soil conditioner for plantation. The STP sludge is used as manure in the Company’s horticulture activities. Dry ash disposal is operational in all our boilers at Renukoot and Renusagar. Hundred per cent of the fly ash generated is being given to cement industries, and these units are also working on supplying fly ash in Nepal by Railway rake from Renusagar power plant. At Birla Copper too, granulated slag and fly ash is used as construction material including road construction, and is provided to the brick manufacturers as per the directives of Ministry of Environment and Forests.
Your Company has completed conversion of all HSS pots to PFPB technology at the Hirakud Smelter, leading to a remarkable reduction in fluoride emission and Green House Gas (GHG) emission per ton of aluminium produced. For your Company, the basis of environment conservation is captured in three words – “Reduce, Reuse and Recycle”.
During the year, several steps were taken by your Company to reduce fresh water consumption at the units. At the Hirakud Smelter, a state-of-the-art Effluent Treatment Plant has been put up, by which the entire treated water is being recycled back in the process leading to substantial reduction in fresh water consumption. The plant is first of its kind in the aluminium industry in the country.
The Belgaum unit has taken up a project for comprehensive effluent management that includes construction of a new effluent holding pond, a process ETP, a rain water harvesting pond and a Reverse Osmosis Plant.
The Muri unit too has taken steps to maximize effluent recycling and achieve zero discharge during dry weather, aimed at reducing water consumption substantially.
A unique waste exchange programme between Belgaum Alumina refinery and Alupuram Extrusion unit, located more than 1,500 kms away has been established. The Alupuram Extrusion generates spent caustic as a waste, which is being used by the Belgaum Alumina refinery as one of the raw materials. The exchange started working after all regulatory clearances were obtained by both the units. This has helped the Alupuram extrusion unit to dispose its waste safely, and at the same time, recover the valuable
resource in the waste as a raw material for the Belgaum Alumina refinery.
Hindalco’s units at Alupuram and Hirakud have taken initiatives to develop an economical process for pretreatment and co-incineration of Spent Potlining (SPL), a waste generated in the Aluminium smelter in cement and steel industry. This is expected to help our current smelters and proposed greenfield aluminium projects in sustainable reuse of this waste.
At Birla Copper, about 2,92,000 trees give a green look to our smelter complex, which is watered mainly with treated effluent from the ETP and treated sewage from the Sewage Treatment Plant. Phosphogypsumis being used as an additive in cement manufacturing as well as a soil conditioner. Its usage in the green belt of Birla Copper has shown encouraging results.
Environmental monitoring is the main thrust of Birla Copper. A separate Environment Management division has been set up with a dedicated Environmental laboratory. Apart from this, online analyzers are installed in the plants at several locations. Efforts are made not only to control and monitor emission quality at source, but a constant check for ambient air quality is kept by setting up four permanent stations in and around the smelter complex.
India is a signatory to the Kyoto protocol on Green House Gas (GHG) reduction. Your Company has welcomed the opportunity to gain additional value from reduction in GHG emission in its conversion cum expansion project at Hirakud Smelter. Its project has received the Host Country Approval and is in an advanced validation stage. Once completed, a registration request to UNFCCC and verification of Certified
Emission Reduction (CER) for trading in the international carbon market will follow. This CDM project is first of its kind in the Aluminium Industry in the world.
Our endeavours to be as eco-efficient as possible are unrelenting.
Pg. 46, Annual Report
“India lives in its villages” was what Mahatma Gandhi had said, early in the 20th century. Today, in the 62nd year of our independence 70% of our 1 billion plus people continue to live in over 6 lakh villages in the hinterland of our country.
Much progress has been made to ensure that villagers live a life of dignity. Much more needs to be done. In thousands of hamlets, poverty still stalks them.
We endeavour to mitigate it in our own small way. Under the aegis of the Aditya Birla Centre for Community Initiatives and Rural Development, our focus has been and continues to be largely in rural development.
Our Centre is led by Mrs. Rajashree Birla, your Director.
Here is a snapshot of your Company’s work:
• Reached out to 2,96,000 villagers at the 1,534 rural medical camps organized for general health check-ups and 37,108 villagers in the remotest areas through our rural mobile medical van services.
• Over 4,35,000 patients were treated at the Company’s hospitals.
• At the eye camps conducted by us, 2,089 villagers underwent cataract surgeries and intra ocular lenses were fitted.
• At the medical camps conducted for the physically challenged, 32 people were provided with artificial limbs fitment and 72 persons underwent reconstructive surgery.
• Programmes organized on HIV / AIDS awareness reached out to 26,306 adults.
• 627 patients were diagnosed and treated for tuberculosis.
Mother and Child Care:
• We immunized 8,04,697children against polio.
• More than 55,516 women took advantage of the anti-natal, post-natal, mass immunization, nutrition and escort services for institutional delivery as part of the Reproductive and Child Health programmes.
• As a result of our intensive motivation drives towards responsible family raising, 18,636 villagers opted for planned families.
• Awareness camps on sexually transmitted diseases (STD) were attended by more than 20,340 people, of which, 8,756 women were treated for STD and reproductive tract infections.
• Over 15,049 children have been enlisted at our Balwadis.
• To encourage the spirit of excellence, 3,832 students from the adopted rural schools were awarded scholarships.
• Over 4,438 men and women were reached out to through our adult literacy classes.
• More than 35,934 children were supported by us in various Government schools through educational aids such as schools bags, books, stationery and utensils for mid-day meal.
• Career counseling programmes and training in different trades has benefited 6,843 students.
• Self-employment opportunities were created for 10,613 youth.
• At the Aditya Birla Rural Technology Park, more than 253 programmes were conducted on repair and maintenance of diesel pump sets, electronic goods, hand pumps, bags, rope making, tailoring and knitting.
• To boost agricultural productivity and help farmers reap a rich harvest, various exposure trips and training programmes were conducted on issues such as high yielding variety seeds, organic farming, vermicompost, integrated pest management, post harvest technology and fodder management, benefiting 21,579 farmers.
Protecting the environment is central to our business. We make significant investments in environment management and are committed to continually strengthen our energy efficiency and environmental performance in order to achieve sustainable development.
Attesting our environmental credentials are the numerous awards our units have won for energy conservation, environment and safety. To be sure, good environment management makes sound business sense.
Our proactive initiatives include
Choosing the right technology for our greenfield projects to ensure energy efficiency.
Enhancing material efficiency, process / equipment productivity backed by pollution prevention practices and adoption of cleaner technologies for brownfield projects.
Waste Management System for systematic collection of scrap and safe storage / disposal and re-use of wastes.
Continuous efforts to conserve resources, minimise and recycle wastes.
Controlling emissions through dry scrubbing and electrostatic precipitators and discharge through appropriate effluent treatment plants.
Rehabilitation through afforestation of mined areas and rehabilitation of waste disposal sites by greening, e.g. fly ash mound and abandoned red mud dump.
Promoting industrial recycling of waste like spent pot lining, fly ash, spent caustic, etc.
We are committed to strengthen our energy efficiency and environmental performance
Our pledge to protect
We are committed to working with our stakeholders to realise social, environmental and economic benefits for the communities around the world.
We achieve this by using our technological skills in product design and innovation as well as through long-term partnerships to integrate sustainability into all aspects of our business.
Corporate Social Responsibility
Winning smiles…touching hearts
Long before corporate social responsibility found a place in the corporate lexicon, it was already textured into the Group's value system. As early as the 1940s, the late Mr. G.D. Birla espoused the trusteeship concept of management — investing a portion of the company's profits for the larger good of society. The late Mr. Aditya Birla went beyond chequebook philanthropy when he brought in the concept of 'sustainable livelihood'.
Led by Mrs. Rajashree Birla, the social projects are carried out under the aegis of the Aditya Birla Centre for Community Initiatives and Rural Development
For over 50 years, Hindalco has worked in the hinterlands of India to better the quality of life of the underprivileged sections of society.
Today, we reach out to millions of people in the villages, of whom more than 60 per cent live below the poverty line. Their needs include: access to water, agriculture and sustainable livelihood, healthcare, and education. These four areas form the focus of our efforts.
The company also works to bring about social reform through widow re-marriage and dowerless marriages.
We work in partnership with government agencies and the beneficiaries to provide these necessities and encourage social reform.
We organise medical camps and provide health facilities at several locations
Medical camps: Taking mobile medical units and providing ambulance service to remote areas.
Health facilities: Setting up well-equipped and professionally manned health centres at several locations.
Regular health camps: Providing family planning, mother and child care and specialised camps for eye care and for cataract; coordinating regular pulse polio immunisation drives; and promoting the awareness, prevention and treatment of malaria, water-borne diseases, TB, HIV/AIDS, and others diseases.
Providing for the primary education of underprivileged children
Balwadis: Providing for the primary education of underprivileged children.
Adult literacy: Providing formal and informal classes and active support to the government's mission to improve rural literacy levels.
Merit scholarships / Schemes: Support female students for educational endeavours.
Educational support: Contributing uniforms, textbooks and classroom equipment and undertaking school building construction and maintenance.
Skills training / capacity building
Training women in various skills
The Aditya Birla Rural Technology Park (Muirpur, Uttar Pradesh, India): Runs over 70 training programmes in diesel / hand pump repair / maintenance, electrical repair/maintenance, bee-keeping, tailoring, knitting and agriculture-related programmes and encouraging self-employment through income-generating projects.
The Yashogami Skills Training Centre (Radhanagari, Tarale, Maharashtra, India): Trains women in skills such as rexine handicraft, fashion design, tailoring, food processing, pottery, lamination, electronics assembly, zardozi, jewellery design, papier mache, rangolli, and fabric design.
As a step towards women's empowerment: Organising programs that involve women from rural communities Women's empowerment
Self-Help Groups (SHG): These programmes involve over 11,000 women from rural communities around Hindalco units.
SHG activities: Micro credit and micro finance schemes, entrepreneurship building, oil-processing units, tailoring centres, horticulture and nutrition gardens, diesel and hand pump repair, vermi compost production, mushroom cultivation, food processing, etc.
Awareness building: Health and sanitation, family planning, literacy drives and microfinance; facilitating government loans for small-scale enterprise and rural insurance schemes, etc.
Social causes: Promoting dowerless marriages and widow re-marriages.
Providing agricultural support: Irrigation schemes for better yield and multi-cropping methods Irrigation schemes: Land brought under irrigation with better yield and multi-cropping methods.
Watershed development: Hydel towers, drainage canals, wells, check-dams, pedal pumps and harvest tanks.
Training: Field schools train local farmers in modern agricultural techniques for higher crop yield; introducing lac cultivation, post-harvest technology with safe grain storage through an integrated pest-management system, floriculture, horticulture and kitchen gardens; shifting from mono to multi cropping patterns and distribution of high-yield seeds.