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 History of Legislation Relating to Child Labor in India

 

Year

Legislation

Age that regula- tions apply

What it says

1881

The Factories Act

7

Working hours limited to 9 hours

1891

The Factories Act

9

Working hours limited to 7 hours

1901

The Mines Act

12

Specifically for mines

1911

The Factories Act

9

Work in certain dangerous processes

Prohibited

1922

The Factories (Amendment) Act

15

Working hours limited to 6 hours

1923

The Indian Mines Act

13

Raised the age to 13 years

1926

The Factories (Amendment) Act

15

Working in two separate factories on

same day prohibited

1931

The Indian Ports Act

12

Related to child labour handling goods

At ports

1932

The Tea Districtís (Emigrant Labour) Act

 

Migration was prohibited without

Parents

1933

The Children (Pledging of Labour) Act

 

First law against bonded labour

1934

The Factories (Amendment) Act

12-15

Employment prohibited in certain areas

And employment hours restricted to 5 hrs.

1935

The Mines Amendment Act

15

Working hours regulated to 10 hours

Above ground and 9 hours below

1938

The Employment of Children Act

13

Handling of goods allowed for 12-14 age

1948

The Factories Act

14

Concerning employment in government

Establishments

1951

Employment of Children

(Amendment) Act

17

Prohibited working for 15-17 at ports

And railways

1951

The Plantations Labour Act

12

Prohibited working of children under 12

1952

The Mines Act

15

Required medical certificate for

Underground work

1954

The Factories (Amendment) Act

17

Prohibited work at nights

1958

The Merchant Shipping Act

15

Prohibits work on ship except in certain

Areas

1961

The Motor Transport Worker Act

15

Prohibits working in any motor transport

Undertaking

1961

The Apprentices Act

14

Prohibits apprenticeship/training

1966

The Beedi and Cigar Workers (Conditions of Employment) Act

14

Prohibits working in tobacco factories

1978

Employment of Children (Amendment) Act

15

Prohibits working on and near railway

Premises

1986

The Child Labour (Prohibition and Regulation) Act

14

Most comprehensive

Bans employment in specified industries

Regulates the working condition where

Not prohibited

Uniformity on definition of child in

Related laws

URL : http://www.ide.go.jp/English/Publish/Jrp/pdf/jrp_135_06.pdf

 

 


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