Indonesia Corruption Watch
Indonesia Corruption Watch (ICW) was established on 21 June 1998 in the middle of reform movements that demanded for clean government, which free from corruption, collusion and nepotism. The initial idea to establish this Non Governmental Organization (NGO) came from several public figure and NGO activists, who have strong commitment on promoting democracy and good governance such as : Adi Andojo Sutjipto, Alexander Irwan, A. Sonny Keraf, Bambang Wijojanto, Chusnul Mariyah, Christianto Wibisono, Dadang Trisasongko, Daniel Dhakidae, Eros Djarot, Harjono Tjitro Soebeno (Alm), Ibrahim G. Zakir, Kamala Chandra Kirana, Marsilam Simanjuntak, Masdar F. Mas'udi, Munir, Robertus Robert, Teten Masduki, T. Mulya Lubis The sociopolitical order in Indonesia since 1965 under Orde Baru regime inherits a bad corruption problem. It occurred in almost every level of the executive, judicative and legislative. This reality makes peoples believe that corruption as part of the deviated culture.
The economic crisis in 1997 that almost paralyze the lives of Indonesian people is believe happened because it was triggered or worsened by the matters of corruption, collusion and nepotism. Monopoly, protection and economic resources exploitation, on national interests behalf, are being given to Soeharto relatives and cronies. Bureaucracy and law only serve the ruler and they who are able to buy them. It results in people having to pay very expensive to get bad public services.
Corruptions in elite level happen because political and economic powers are in the hands of president without transparency and public accountability. President authority could not be controlled by the parliament because they have been subordinated; and the power of civil society becomes unforceful because has been dreadfully regimented. The check and balances mechanism between state and society was unfunction.
Corruptions in lower bureaucracy levels happen, beside as the consequence of corruption in elite level, also because of the low payments of civil servants and the opportunity from centralized and insufficiency of bureaucracy system. The bribery practices between bureaucrats and society become ordinary lives and form into habits, and that makes corruption is a hard thing to curb.
The main actors of corruption are the government and private sectors; and the society is the main victims. That makes ICW believes that anti corruption movements are based in people's endeavors to balance the collaboration between government and private sectors. That is the only surefire way to combat corruption.
1. To establish a politic, economic and bureaucracy systems which is free from corruption and base on social justice.
2. To strengthen society participation in public policy making process and monitoring the implementation.
To reach its missions, ICW plays roles as follows:
1. Increasing people awareness and empowering the society for their rights and better public services.
2. Strengthening society capacity on involvement and monitoring the public policy.
3. Encouraging the society to investigate the corruption cases and to publish and reveal the corruption practices in strive for realizing a clean government.
4. Facilitating for enhancement the society capacity on investigation and monitoring corruption.
5. Conducting public campaign in order to reform the law, politic and bureaucracy system which aware to the corruption problem.
6. Encouraging law enforcement and moral standards among the public officers, business society, accountants, engineers, notaries, lawyers and other professionals.
ICW in its efforts on realizing its missions has an organizational set consisting of the Board of Ethics and the Working Committee meeting. The Board of Ethics functions to control ethics on the Working Committee to realize the organization's goals. The Working Committee is the organizational part that functions to pursue and conduct activities in reaching the organization's goals. The meeting of the Working Committee is the organizational medium functioning to decide various organizations' policies to be carried out by the Working Committee.
Code of Conduct
Each member of ICW, in conducting his/her duties, maintaining his/her responsibility and relating with other parties, should be based on ICW Code of Ethics, namely:
1. Integrity Principal.
- Every individual has never committed a criminal, politic, economic and human rights crime.
- Every individual has and would never support or protected corruptors.
- Every individual is not able to place him under financial interest or another opportunities from outside (individual or organization) that could have affected the ICW mission.
2. Responsibility Principle.
Every individual has to be responsible of his decisions and actions in public and submitted to public investigation in whole activities of ICW.
3. Independency Principle.
- Every individual is not a member or in board of any political party.
- Every individual has to act objectively in facing state's officials or certain group's interests.
- Every individual is not able to make any decision to be fortuned financially or materially for himself, his family or groups.
4. Openness Principle.
- Every individual has to be widely open in all of his decisions and actions taken.
- Every individual has to be able to give reasons of the decisions and actions he has taken.
5. Objectivity Principle.
Every individual, in taking decisions and actions, has to be purely based on truth and justice considerations.
6. Honesty Principle.
Every individual must open up his every interest related to his duties and take actions to deal with the potential interest clashes.
7. Leadership Principle.
Every individual has to motivate and support the corruption combating efforts through leadership and role modeling attitudes.
8. Confidentiality Principle.
Every individual must keep the confidentiality of information in doing his jobs and authorities, especially to the witnesses and commentators.
Board of Ethics
Bambang Widjojanto, Dadang Trisasongko, Kamala Chandrakirana, Masdar F. Masudi, Munir, Teten Masduki
The ICW department programs are as follows:
Political Corruption Department (PCD)
Political Corruption Department have five main activities:
1. To analys and monitor political corruption matter.
2. To maintain and develop networking on local area.
3. To evaluate periodical performance of political institutions.
4. To propose and develop alternative method to monitoring political corruption field.
5. To follow up political corruption cases which reported by public.
Law Reform and Judiciary Monitoring Department (LRJMD)
This department have several activities:
1. To analys and monitor legal reform agenda.
2. To analys and monitor corruption on judiciary field.
3. To evaluate periodical performance of judiciary apparatur and its institution.
4. To monitor selection of public officials on judiciary field.
5. To follow up judicial corruption cases.
6. To draft legal act that related with anti-corruption strategy.
Public Services Monitoring Department (PSMD)
Public Services Monitoring Department have five main acitivities:
1. To analys and monitor corruption practice on public services field.
2. To evaluate periodical performance of public services official and its institution.
3. To develop alternative method to monitor effectively public services delivery.
4. To follow up bureaucratic corruption cases.
5. To maintain and develop networking on local area.
Public Information Department (PID)
Public Information Department have several main activities:
1. To provide information and data which is need by coordinator, vice coordinator, program manager and public.
2. To manage library, public report on corruption cases, archives and all important data.
3. To manage storage of public report cases, archives and all important data.
4. To coordinate investigation and public campaign.
5. To study and write a report of trend of corruption quarterly.
Funding by sponsor derives from cooperation between ICW and other institutions and individuals. Sponsors may directly support an ICW. Managing the public funds, ICW holds strictly the principles of transparency and accountability.
Funding derived from joint works between ICW and individual or institutional sponsors should fit the requirements below:
1. Funding from the sponsors does not disturb nor harm ICW independence, mission and vision.
2. Individuals or institutions sponsoring ICW were, are and will not be involved in any economic crime.
3. Individuals or institutions sponsoring ICW should respect human rights.